Mid-July HardenedBSD Foundation Status

On 09 July 2018, the HardenedBSD Foundation Board of Directors held the kick-off meeting to start organizing the Foundation. The following people attended the kick-off meeting:

1. Shawn Webb (in person)
2. George Saylor (in person)
3. Ben Welch (in person)
4. Virginia Suydan (in person)
5. Ben La Monica (phone)
6. Dean Freeman (phone)
7. Christian Severt (phone)

We discussed the very first steps that need to be taken to organize the HardenedBSD Foundation as a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization in the US. We determined we could file a 1023EZ instead of the full-blown 1023. This will help speed the process up drastically.

The steps are laid out as follows:

  1. Register a Post Office Box (PO Box) (completed on 10 Jul 2018).
  2. Register The HardenedBSD Foundation as a tax-exempt nonstock corporation in the state of Maryland (started on 10 Jul 2018, submitted on 18 Jul 2018, granted 20 Jul 2018).
  3. Obtain a federal tax ID (obtained 20 Jul 2018).
  4. Close the current bank account and create a new one using the federal tax ID (completed on 20 Jul 2018).
  5. File the 1023EZ paperwork with the federal government (started on 20 Jul 2018, submitted 28 Aug 2018).
  6. Hire an attorney to help draft the organization bylaws.

Each of the steps must be done serially and in order.

We added Christian Severt, who is on Emerald Onion's Board of Directors, to the HardenedBSD Foundation Board of Directors as an advisor. He was foundational in getting Emerald Onion their 501(c)(3) tax-exempt, not-for-profit status and has really good insight. Additionally, he's going to help HardenedBSD coordinate hosting services, figuring out the best deals for us.

We promoted George Saylor to Vice President and changed Shawn Webb's title to President and Director. This is to help resolve potential concerns both the state and federal agencies might have with an organization having only a single President role.

We hope to be granted our 501(c)(3) status before the end of the year, though that may be subject to change. We are excited for the formation of the HardenedBSD Foundation, which will open up new opportunities not otherwise available to HardenedBSD.

Stable release: HardenedBSD-stable 11-STABLE v1100056

HardenedBSD-11-STABLE-v1100056 - https://github.com/HardenedBSD/hardenedBSD-stable/releases/tag/HardenedB...


  • MFC r335558: Add support for selectively enabling LLVM targets (62b732f45dfe86a663fb78aec3e30ba28d0485c8)
  • HBSD: Switch back to OpenSSL as the default crypto lib (1087d59e45072059e2d20ac2dea1801d995c9a2d)
  • MFC r335569: pf: Support "return" statements in passing rules when they fail. (9e4899f2d2193db78e985cc427fcfb870a20e40a)
  • MFC r335641: Fix a stack overflow in mount_smbfs when hostname is too long. (0b39c762ec1d16fa2bca8a386d2e1af10e106a5e) [FreeBSD-SA-Candidate]
  • MFC r333059 (by tychon): Expand the checks for UCR3 == PMAP_NO_CR3 to enable processes to be excluded from PTI. (bad2d0f8e14dbc917f3ccbeb0adee1e045a63ae5)
  • loader updates
  • bhyve updates
  • libpcap updates

Installer images:


SHA512 (HardenedBSD-11-STABLE-v1100056-amd64-bootonly.iso) = 1df1060cea47345ddaa4be6a93de16f5443a5e4b299e58aa89aaa5c9af16251d80cdd76f4b7a083686b78e3cafbf361c69b844fb6b75ca7919f969cbffe769ad
SHA512 (HardenedBSD-11-STABLE-v1100056-amd64-disc1.iso) = 78281285ea05b4adeb1933c50e780054419edd6aabccd350df6304a06b9fca02ea39863a2a1edaa9d615ff8c2cf78e63e2fc0f254adab4da8f3f7ed618ee52c2
SHA512 (HardenedBSD-11-STABLE-v1100056-amd64-memstick.img) = 0000bcab6e06421c7fdf0054cd13ecc339f8dc894082fe3a6f0d7b5039b7313fa14f14ee1db1d84ad5b7ad6679c1bd53438d52ebb819a67786d8e29c09d956e1
SHA512 (HardenedBSD-11-STABLE-v1100056-amd64-mini-memstick.img) = 08066dc2de7e19a7535188fe30d79bf7bd78c6fc877001a75d562b5e1ace2fb31a7e429cf6022d13e15e4d0a4cefa6b9ba8787725ad545e8aa32020193503338




Stable release: HardenedBSD-stable 11-STABLE v1100055.5

HardenedBSD-11-STABLE-v1100055.5 - https://github.com/HardenedBSD/hardenedBSD-stable/releases/tag/HardenedB...


  • MFC r333321,r333707: x86 cpususpend_handler: call wbinvd after setting suspend state bits (84c8399a4cb4fb3e5f4c52c6791696098c94fe02)
  • Set stable/11 from -PRERELEASE back to -STABLE. (745cc87c07b5ba623d4628dcddfccd2e605a2c99)
  • MFC r335171: Handle the race between fork/vm_object_split() and faults. (0556a47cc533046623b230de57af8e395f703425)
  • MFC r332994 (by tychon): Handle potential alignment adjustment of the exception frame by hardware. (6c5aa909303a2fc05289f82bf35b95e1fa770c78)
  • MFC r334876: pf: Fix deadlock with route-to (a0ce5787a02b7b00f6c2b509f5641b3fa078652e)
  • MFC r335131 Remove printf() in #NM handler. (2df766da5ab1577d0f8f348da0ce0dd7d1ad4f12) [CVE-2018-3665]
  • LinuxKPI updates
  • sysrc updates
  • nvme updates

Installer images:


SHA512 (HardenedBSD-11-STABLE-v1100055.5-amd64-bootonly.iso) = a4c4d44d2e6f8c9c17682035a0889b3185f8655cc37c23cdbe9b3fc74660585cd528c87ff71abf45d1f622b4eeceeeb99b5b8bbb95a72dd56062d21edf0ecebc
SHA512 (HardenedBSD-11-STABLE-v1100055.5-amd64-disc1.iso) = e802080c1931d009cffe11e5ed7a162a7ad1dc1e8f644d7fe395b8a90d95f18d157b7d3cc5e5e0a0d3a54460202974233bce4c1d93376330822a81b5446b212e
SHA512 (HardenedBSD-11-STABLE-v1100055.5-amd64-memstick.img) = b87544414fc178df8dff82a110fda18dfe810be0d0c395ffd19b669c0210a7c6f952d0da2b843c915dc43d6fb3e8859c79d658fd1b12ad45c288d87f4064a202
SHA512 (HardenedBSD-11-STABLE-v1100055.5-amd64-mini-memstick.img) = 772dc30b5c8156012f0309fc092b6557a27eca3ff1356f7aa9c9f3b1b6a141d72579a409bb17e5d93f69ad85cd2b73ff186f8b16392534bce5901f3a23f6346d




Stable release: HardenedBSD-stable 11-STABLE v1100055.4

HardenedBSD-11-STABLE-v1100055.4 - https://github.com/HardenedBSD/hardenedBSD-stable/releases/tag/HardenedB...


  • MFC r335072: Enable eager FPU context switch by default on amd64. (dee6710f89d54744c1d97a4088c547b6541dbb0e) [FreeBSD-SA-Candidate CVE-2018-3665)
  • MFC r334038: Enable IBRS when entering an interrupt handler from usermode. (2de20d5b1b0faaf2c7dcb503515af88bfb5aae90) [FreeBSD-SA-Candidate]
  • MFC r334004: Add Intel Spec Store Bypass Disable control. (425d57954121d3b228a3f7aa395e9bc8d2929214) [FreeBSD-SA-Candidate CVE-2018-3639]
  • MFC syslog from master (667052415ebdbade0cd55a3c66b7902227a78760)
  • MFC r334091: md5: perform compare case-insenstive (bc94720a7e512e88c6235155019d5f7c5972ab41)
  • MFC: r333580 Fix a slow leak of session structures in the NFSv4.1 server. (4a4ab2a82843ba496b969eb11f32aeb2f09c2c63)
  • MFC r333783: MFV r333779: xz 5.2.4. (e303059a606066e6076cca385aedac5958b17f34)
  • MFC r334068 (phil): Import libxo-0.9.0 (3549c1ab7a2950f9e8cd373af83fa0a4c6fb8903)
  • MFC Lock primitive updates (8b9af5c67de5a51974b9d4bc7570e0b9700c4fcb)
  • MFC r334050, r334051: Flush caches before initiating a microcode update on Intel CPUs. (cb1c0651a46b4d36bf9eed4a3cdd986aad9c9936)
  • MFC r333892: Fix PCID+PTI pmap operations on Xen/HVM. (a933e7a326f122cb0beb9fdc960f6ab327bf1908)
  • MFC r333228 Implement support for ifuncs in the kernel linker on x86. (0166dfd0a87d24c0280d715e42d03d82610265ad)
  • MFC r333404, r333405: Remove PG_U from the recursive pte for kernel pmap' PML4 page and from the rest of the kernel pmap ptes. (e27432718ce82962556986419ed12b9928d56690)
  • MFC r332504: Set PG_G global mapping bit on the trampoline ptes. (8bba637677bb95dc889605a2dc7b9e5204d2a4a5)
  • MFC r332450: Optimize context switch for PTI on PCID pmap. (3d88b710fd631da86a68457176c459133083e14f)
  • pf updates
  • nat64 updates
  • linuxkpi updates
  • sctp updates
  • nfs updates
  • dwatch updates

Installer images:


SHA512 (HardenedBSD-11-STABLE-v1100055.4-amd64-bootonly.iso) = 55280d25a0da2254c92d9f1a1b9e8c2e6e88acfa17abcb55b363e64bc078f609f549c2670069e532197cd6808ecd81adfb3452ddc116bc6cc5247e7017078af3
SHA512 (HardenedBSD-11-STABLE-v1100055.4-amd64-disc1.iso) = c96086f53c42e3e72d401a9334ff5e258c73ad50190d51a6316c9a00ebb9f141458c0d3a569543ece99e446e5e98a3287faf37f1242d9185141a86fcae704646
SHA512 (HardenedBSD-11-STABLE-v1100055.4-amd64-memstick.img) = 5feb136a3477e9c8932f08742b7d9efaaa482835843311f285c233d6cfb9fdde07a75665333d78cdd2167a618edc31f9ba6fd2fc8147ea5f776adfdd49ba9f9d
SHA512 (HardenedBSD-11-STABLE-v1100055.4-amd64-mini-memstick.img) = 117364b3fbea0c4ad5db900f8f96bd85f47616132950735930117c3bce1e3cee9b284cd7773fcc18a94a42656f2ec87ff18ac3e933cf69aad0025d8f9a3ea972




June HardenedBSD Foundation Update

We at HardenedBSD are working towards starting up a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization in the USA. Setting up this organization will allow future donations to be tax deductible. We've made progress and would like to share with you the current state of affairs.

We have identified, sent invitations out, and received acceptance letters from seven people who will serve on the HardenedBSD Foundation Board of Directors. You can find their bios below. In the latter half of June 2018 or the beginning half of July 2018, we will meet for the first time as a board and formally begin the process of creating the documentation needed to submit to the local, state, and federal tax services.

Here's a brief introduction to those who will serve on the board:

  1. W. Dean Freeman (Advisor): Dean has ten years of professional experience with deploying and securing Unix and networking systems, including assessing systems security for government certification and assessing the efficacy of security products. He was introduced to Unix via FreeBSD 2.2.8 on an ISP shell account as a teenager. Formerly, he was the Snort port maintainer for FreeBSD while working in the Sourcefire VRT, and has contributed entropy-related patches to the FreeBSD and HardenedBSD projects -- a topic on which he presented at vBSDCon 2017.
  2. Ben La Monica (Advisor): Ben is a Senior Technology Manager of Software Engineering at Morningstar, Inc and has been developing software for over 15 years in a variety of languages. He advocates open source software and enjoys tinkering with electronics and home automation.
  3. George Saylor (Vice President): George is a Technical Directory at G2, Inc. Mr. Saylor has over 28 years of information systems and security experience in a broad range of disciplines. His core focus areas are automation and standards in the event correlation space as well as penetration and exploitoation of computer systems. Mr Saylor was also a co-founder of the OpenSCAP project.
  4. Christian Severt (Advisor): Christian is an information security engineer. He served in the U.S. Navy administering classified Command, Control, Communication, Computers & Intelligence (C4I) systems. Christian also volunteers with the Seattle Privacy Coalition.
  5. Virginia Suydan (Treasury, secretary, and general administrator): Accountant and general administrator for the HardenedBSD Foundation. She has worked with Shawn Webb for tax and accounting purposes for over six years.
  6. Shawn Webb (President and Director): Co-founder of HardenedBSD and all-around infosec wonk. He has worked and played in the infosec industry, doing both offensive and defensive research, for around fifteen years. He loves open source technologies and likes to frustrate the bad guys.
  7. Ben Welch (Advisor): Ben is currently a Security Engineer at G2, Inc. He graduated from Pennsylvania College of Technology with a Bachelors in Information Assurance and Security. Ben likes long walks, beaches, candlelight dinners, and attending various conferences like BSides and ShmooCon.

Stable release: HardenedBSD-stable 11-STABLE v1100055.3

HardenedBSD-11-STABLE-v1100055.3 - https://github.com/HardenedBSD/hardenedBSD-stable/releases/tag/HardenedB...

Warning: this is a security update!


  • mfc r333368: prepare db# handler for deferred trigger of watchpoints. (5801fdddeba7acdc937cef898a45653c6af7a131) [cve-2018-8897, freebsd-sa-18:06.debugreg]
  • Turn off IBRS on suspend. (dbda57b58572831fa594ed380c7e5a9b87104694)
  • MFC r333247: Import tzdata 2018e (2beb6fbb124ec882449f77288cac650ffa862ab3)
  • MFC r333234: zfs_ioctl: avoid out-of-bound read (e7e4020489d1cdcbc338e0d6b916ec2beef71205) [FreeBSD-SA-Candidate]
  • MFC r332559: mountd: fix a crash when getgrouplist reports too many groups (e6e3f0e40308826bdaa17640f676d5ce98890a24) [FreeBSD-SA-Candidate]
  • Carefully update stack guard bytes inside __guard_setup(). (1086bca876f4a7d526450143227151e6544d2afb)
  • Correct undesirable interaction between caching of %cr4 in bhyve and invltlb_glob(). (1135b57649ecea7452dbae3245610ce03e6394df)
  • Handle Apollo Lake errata APL31. (6fd5da7f06d3412cef113820f484da4551ee8ab7)
  • Add PROC_PDEATHSIG_SET to procctl interface. (a31a7b88e5e784593cf07c3d8c39e1d68769511f)
  • Fix use of pointer after being set NULL. In NFS. (4223ca8e51c2eda332673d16f0dbf27e533a17a1)
  • Add hybrid ISO/memstick image support (47b459549c41e783f81dc1c71f5f5e1cb3454f50)
  • bnxt updates
  • clang updates
  • e1000 updates
  • hyperv updates
  • iflib updates
  • ixl updates
  • makefs updates
  • mlx5 updates
  • zfs updates

Installer images:


SHA512 (HardenedBSD-11-STABLE-v1100055.3-amd64-bootonly.iso) = e84a88f6909dee4155b6eb70d4471f0c07271f23d1df3c227def32e3e47d5cf78e5bd4c4150c0796ce52c79d61af0915136bf595bf598f898f777af5967e7156
SHA512 (HardenedBSD-11-STABLE-v1100055.3-amd64-disc1.iso) = c3ddf6e6c439b53419442f56773b39e60f75e56cd9f28b4bfccf9623f478d63c307f4851eea75df785058d30f60e981b0c5342c11e1259796a0a0b4c3af0ccd9
SHA512 (HardenedBSD-11-STABLE-v1100055.3-amd64-memstick.img) = 52b1597b74b6f83591ae7a2e678e4129e6ab3cfe07dfa5db8bf6748247c8137853806ea5e6dcb749540874dd35b673e19a9625d07d19d037b50f894ffea442cc
SHA512 (HardenedBSD-11-STABLE-v1100055.3-amd64-mini-memstick.img) = 69c7709b601f5287a1b7a1938d52c8681648175402bc096b5793ba1f8f253b48ca3a019f2e70ad9e32857e812147951eb42c8fb2bec40e098f4ab40d68bfa521




HardenedBSD Switching Back to OpenSSL

Over a year ago, HardenedBSD switched to LibreSSL as the default cryptographic library in base for 12-CURRENT. 11-STABLE followed suit later on. Bernard Spil has done an excellent job at keeping our users up-to-date with the latest security patches from LibreSSL.

After recently updating 12-CURRENT to LibreSSL 2.7.2 from 2.6.4, it has become increasingly clear to us that performing major upgrades requires a team larger than a single person. Upgrading to 2.7.2 caused a lot of fallout in our ports tree. As of 28 Apr 2018, several ports we consider high priority are still broken. As it stands right now, it would take Bernard a significant amount of his spare personal time to fix these issues.

Until we have a multi-person team dedicated to maintaining LibreSSL in base along with the patches required in ports, HardenedBSD will use OpenSSL going forward as the default crypographic library in base. LibreSSL will co-exist with OpenSSL in the source tree, as it does now. However, MK_LIBRESSL will default to "no" instead of the current "yes". Bernard will continue maintaining LibreSSL in base along with addressing the various problematic ports entries.

To provide our users with ample time to plan and perform updates, we will wait a period of two months prior to making the switch. The switch will occur on 01 Jul 2018 and will be performed simultaneously in 12-CURRENT and 11-STABLE. HardenedBSD will archive a copy of the LibreSSL-centric package repositories and binary updates for base for a period of around six months after the switch (expiring the package repos on 01 Jan 2019). This essentially gives our users eight full months for an upgrade path.

As part of the switch back to OpenSSL, the default NTP daemon in base will switch back from OpenNTPd to ISC NTP. Users who have local_openntpd_enable="YES" set in rc.conf will need to switch back to ntpd_enable="YES".

Users who build base from source will want to fully clean their object directories. Any and all packages that link with libcrypto or libssl will need to be rebuilt or reinstalled.

With the community's help, we look forward to the day when we can make the switch back to LibreSSL. We at HardenedBSD believe that providing our users options to rid themselves of software monocultures can better increase security and manage risk.

Stable release: HardenedBSD-stable 11-STABLE v1100055.2

HardenedBSD-11-STABLE-v1100055.2 - https://github.com/HardenedBSD/hardenedBSD-stable/releases/tag/HardenedB...


  • Update stable/11 from 11.1-STABLE to 11.2-PRERELEASE (94c28bf78654f162c5208e948a30ab3309be8016)
  • MFC r332452: Update vt(4) "Terminus BSD Console" font to v4.46 (9c729368074a9cf26e68fe351521b9e4fc34272d)
  • Fix double asking of GELI password during boot (328e5ffed1a056f76c9a377fc7e02d66171e004e)
  • Fix efibootmgr on 11-STABLE (d8ec2e24869d562150ecc3d8eda4dafebc25e570)
  • HBSD MFC r330110: Add kernel retpoline option for amd64 (610cfa850332237f8a9cc8092ecb1eba991c2f2f)
  • MFC efibootmgr: r326725-r326728, ... (b166cff0a1647a873d17bfeacf8b5e24e918a4a5)
  • MFC r332045: Fix kernel memory disclosure in tcp_ctloutput (81f1d66df2de7298ccce84f89e9153c429d06952) [FreeBSD-SA-Candidate]
  • MFC r332042: Fix kernel memory disclosure in linux_ioctl_socket (66d2c2b6be81d73a9275aa5de0b8efae9fb2ba1a) [FreeBSD-SA-Candidate]
  • MFC r332034: linux_ioctl_hdio: fix kernel memory disclosure (fd3044f1ded864688b8531485782ce0738b744ad) [FreeBSD-SA-Candidate]
  • MFC r330356 (eadler): sys/linux: Fix a few potential infoleaks in Linux IPC (5ec3811964aea39995dd4808597840472917ea9a) [FreeBSD-SA-Candidate]
  • EFIRT fixes (c0df00c84bce385d540936df30cf3bfb5b5a1ec4)
  • MFC r330354 (eadler): sys/fuse: fix off by one error (9272ccc837315f7485064286c0ba1d434b8dfd1b) [FreeBSD-SA-Candidate]
  • automount updates
  • bhyve updates
  • ipfw updates
  • loader updates
  • pf updates
  • sctp updates
  • vt updates
  • zfs updates

Installer images:

SHA512 (HardenedBSD-11-STABLE-v1100055.2-amd64-bootonly.iso) = 530257bfc3d35b450f1080a2468fc2acc05133840a25a2d531d50e23b13f45018d9ce00790d4f86a8882854cc838ebf8e1f26ffef3254aeda9aca8894d81e796
SHA512 (HardenedBSD-11-STABLE-v1100055.2-amd64-disc1.iso) = 420993d25e5106dbd5018c4d6562b98dcd7a6b2e346b8eb8a9682d4dfcc97e24d79269a14a428c51a57d1df121770cfdea486aad7a4e722e71c610abcb007149
SHA512 (HardenedBSD-11-STABLE-v1100055.2-amd64-memstick.img) = 0615d0b403c1fc651b36ba4846af8587d5a2996993ec277baf478104486b06ced464a2d80516bf286b6e21bee58a8bce422ad3ddccd3a4fc76a09af4cf3c8fd0
SHA512 (HardenedBSD-11-STABLE-v1100055.2-amd64-mini-memstick.img) = 636f6510bfe2362204124ae392def900c6e7cde06b640c696297e8eba17e365d62a9b06970e58aa6d62c5d2ba6ff34206705f32f68c31a386c42905d77d32262




HardenedBSD -STABLE Updates

We at HardenedBSD maintain three repositories for base:

  1. HardenedBSD/hardenedBSD (aka, main repo): This repo is used for official development.
  2. HardenedBSD/hardenedBSD-playground (aka, playground repo): This repo is used for highly experimental code. It may contain code from external sources.
  3. HardenedBSD/hardenedBSD-stable (aka, stable repo): This repo is used to generate installation media. We review each commit prior to pushing to this repo.

As of 05 Apr 2018, binary updates and packages for 11-STABLE and 10-STABLE are built using repo #1 above. However, most people use installation media generated from repo #3 above. The stable repo moves less frequently than the main repo. This can cause issues with how frequently the main repo moves. Most of our users who run 11-STABLE or 10-STABLE update packages frequently, but not the base operating system.

In two weeks from the initial publication of this post (19 Apr 2018), we will switch binary updates and the package repo for 11-STABLE and 10-STABLE to use the stable repository. We do not expect this change to negatively affect our users. In fact, we expect this switch to better suit our users' needs. Users will not need to perform any action as this change should happen transparently.

Binary updates and packages for -CURRENT (aka, hardened/current/master) will still use the main repository.


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